Galego: Extensión e xeografía da Galiza castrexa, xunto con localización das oppida (elaborado a partir de Rodríguez Corral, J. A Galicia. View Academics in Cultura Castrexa on A cultura castrexa (Historia de Galicia) [Francisco Calo Lourido] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Mining was an integral part of the culture, and it attracted Mediterranean merchants, first Phoenicianslater Carthaginians and Romans.
During the initial centuries of the first millennium BC bronze was still the most used metal, although iron was progressively introduced. Main products include tools sickles, hoes, ploughs, axesdomestic items knives and cauldronsand weapons antenna swords, spearheads. Under Roman influence the tribes or populi apparently ascended to a major role, at the expense of the minor entities.
Retrieved 2 May The supreme Nabia is related to Jupiter and another incarnation of the deity, identified with Diana, Juno or Victoria or others from the Roman pantheon, linked to the protection and defence of the community or health, wealth and fertility.
Strabo wrote that the people of northern Iberia used boats made of leather, probably similar to Irish currachs and Welsh coraclesfor local navigation. With the exception of the Grovii people, Pomponius Mela stated that all the populi were Celtic and Cosus was not worshipped there. The culture went through castresa of a transformation, as a result of the Roman conquest and formation of the Roman province of Gallaecia in the heart of the Castro cultural area; by the 2nd century CE most hill-forts and oppida had been abandoned or reused as sanctuaries or worshipping places, but some others kept being occupied up to the 5th century,  when the Germanic Suevi established themselves in Gallaecia.
At the same time, the archaeological register shows, through the finding of large quantities of fibulaepinspincers for hair extraction, pendantsearringstorcsbraceletsand other personal objects, the ongoing importance of the individual and his or her physical appearance.
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. The Castro culture emerged during the first two centuries of the first millennium BCE, in the region extending from the Douro river up to the Minhobut soon expanding north along the coast, and east following the river valleys,  reaching the mountain ranges which separate the Atlantic coast of the Iberian peninsula from the casrtexa plateau or meseta. A selection of motifs and carvings from the oppida region Galicia. Pliny also rejected that the Grovii were Celtic, he considered them to have a Greek origin.
Back of a sitting statue Triskelion of the oppidum of Coeliobriga Galicia A ‘severed head’ carving Galicia A fragmentary warrior statue Galicia A selection of motifs and carvings from the oppida region Galicia. Pre-Roman peoples established into Spain. The cities are surrounded by a cultrua of smaller castros, some of which may have been defensive outposts of cities, such cu,tura Castro de Laundos, that was probably an outpost of Cividade de Terroso.
This is especially true in the municipality of Vila do Conde, which holds Cividade de Bagunte, one of the largest sites, along with seven other castros. Cosus, a male deity, was worshipped in the coastal areas where the Celtici dwelt, from the region around Aveiro and Porto to Northern Galicia, but seldom inland, with the exception of the El Bierzo region in Leon, where this cult has been attributed  to the known arrival of Galician miners, most notably from among the Celtici Supertamarici.
Head sculptures, Museo de Pontevedra.
Cultura castrexa | Flickr
Retrieved 22 December A romanized castroat Viladonga, Castro de Rei castrexs, Galicia. The Vila do Conde city hall managed to obtain its Cividade’s land area only inafter 60 years of negotiations and legal confrontation. Baths or sauna at Punta dos Prados hill-fort, OrtigueiraGalicia.
First, the old familiar huts were frequently substituted by groups of family housing, composed generally of one or more huts with hearth, plus round granaries, and elongated or square sheds and cltura.
Southern Gallaecians Bracaresescomprising the area of the oppida, were composed of 24 civitates: The worship of these two gods do not overlap but rather complement each other, occupying practically the whole of the western territory of the Iberian Peninsula.
It is the culture associated with the Celtiberiansclosely associated to the western Hallstatt horizon of Central Europe. Although most of the communities of this culyura had mostly self-sufficient isolated economies, one important change was the return of trade with the Mediterranean by the now independent Carthagea thriving Western Mediterranean power. The Canary Islands were not occupied by the Romans, the peoples of these islands until the arrival of the Castilians were the Guanches.
This deity has not been recorded in the same areas as Bandua, Reue and Nabia deities occur, and El Bierzo follows the same pattern as in the coast. Whilst the onomastic formula among the Celtiberians usually is composed by a first name followed by a patronymic expressed as a genitive, and sometimes a reference to the gensthe Castro people complete name was composed as this:.
Castro sculpture also reveal that locals carved these figures in wood items, such as chairs, and weaved them into their clothes. On the role of agency, memory and identity in the construction of space from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age in Europe.
Gallaecians bred cattle for meat, milk and butter production; they also used oxen for dragging carts and ploughs,  while horses were used mainly for human transportation. Nabia had double invocation, one male and one female. From a theonymical point of view, this suggest some ethno-cultural differences between the coast and inland areas.
Reconstructed hut of a larger family nucleus in the Santa Tegra oppida Galicia.